Abubuwan da ke haifar da tasiri a cikin sauri zuwa ga hasken rana da kuma hanyoyin ingantawa

Saurin rana yana nufin iyawar rina ta riƙe da launi ta asali a ƙarƙashin hasken rana. A matsayinka na babban doka, yanke hukunci na saurin inzuwa zuwa hasken rana shine yanayin.Da dakin gwaje-gwaje, ana amfani da tushen hasken wucin gadi don saukin sarrafawa, kuma ana samun sauƙin idan ya cancanta. Mafi yawan asalin wucin gadi haske ne na hernia, amma kuma gawayi arc. A karkashin tudun haske na haske, rini ya karɓi hasken wuta, matakin makamashi yana ƙaruwa, kwayoyin suna cikin yanayin kunnawa, kuma tsarin launi na ɗumbin launuka yana canzawa ko lalacewa, wanda hakan ke haifar da ɗebewar danshi da kuma fashewar yanayi.

 

1. Tasirin haske akan fenti

Lokacin da kwayar kwayoyi ta rinka amfani da kwayar halitta, to yana sanya wayoyin halittar kwayoyi masu canzawa daga ƙasa zuwa yanayin farin ciki.

Dangane da tsari daban-daban, matakai daban-daban na kara karfi na iya faruwa a cikin kwayoyin kwayoyi, wadanda suka hada da π → π *, n → π *, CT (canja wurin caji), S → S (yanayin yanki), S → T (jihar sau uku), yanayin ƙasa → farko m jihar da kasa and na biyu m jihar. Rubutun ƙasa mai wakar an rubuta shi kamar S0, kuma farkon da na biyu an rubuta maraba a matsayin S1 da S2 bi da bi. Ana daidaita waɗannan jihohin trilinear ta hanyar T0, T1, da T2.

A cikin aiwatarwa, ana kunna kwayoyi masu narkewa zuwa matakai daban-daban na kuzarin karfi na lantarki, za a rage matakan karfinsu na hanzari, za a canza makamashi zuwa zafi da rushewa, wannan tsari na rage kuzari ana kiransa fasalin tashin hankali. A kan aiwatar da tashin hankali na firgici, jihar S2 mai cike da farin ciki tare da matakin makamashi mara nauyi za a canza ta zuwa yanayin farin ciki na S1 tare da matakin kuzarin girma, kuma tashin tashin hankali zai ci gaba da faruwa. Ta wannan hanyar, S2 farin ciki daga matakin makamashi mafi girma yana canzawa cikin sauri zuwa S1 state state daga mafi ƙasƙanci matakin ƙarfi. Canji tsakanin jihohin makamashi na S2 da S1 na lantarki a karkashin yanayin daidaituwar makamashi baya hade da canjin yaduwar wutan lantarki, wanda ake kira canji na ciki. Hakanan akwai canji tsakanin Singlet da triplet, daga S1 zuwa T1 mai farin ciki. Canjin yanayin makamashi na lantarki a karkashin yanayin daidaituwar makamashi ana kiransa hanyar tashar yanar gizo. Saboda “haramta” dokar zabin wutan lantarki, rakodin gamsashshewar yanayin ba ya da yawa.

Ayyukan photochemical tsakanin kwayoyin da aka kunna da wasu kwayoyin suna haifar da faduwar hasken rina da kuma asarar hasken fiber.

2. Abubuwanda suka shafi saurin zuwa hasken dyes;

 a. Wavelength na tushen haske da hasken sakawa cikin iska;

 b. Abubuwan da suka shafi muhalli;

 c. Abubuwan sunadarai da tsarin tsari na zaruruwa

 d. Arfin ƙarfin fenti da fiber;

 e. Tsarin kemikal na fenti;

 f. Dye maida hankali ne da tara jihar;

 g. Tasirin giyar ta wucin gadi akan daukar hoto ta fenti;

 h. Tasirin ajujuaries.

A ƙarƙashin tasirin launin fenti mai ruwa, soaps bayan bushewar ba cikakke ba ne, kuma dyes ɗin da ba za a iya canza su da daskararru ba sun kasance akan zane kuma hakan zai shafi saurin haske na dyes, wanda a zahiri yake ƙasa da na madaidaicin dyes dyes. Mafi yawan sabulu sosai, mafi kyawun hasken sauri.

Cationic low kwayoyin ko kuma polyamin resinsation resins da cationic softeners ana amfani dasu a ƙare ƙare, wanda a bayyane zai rage saurin zuwa rana. Saboda haka, dole ne mu kula da tasirin gyaran wakilai da masu taushi a kan saurin zuwa hasken rana.

3.Mana hanyoyin inganta saurin zuwa hasken rana

a. Inganta tsarin fenti don rage tasiri kan tsarin launi mai launin shuɗi yayin cinye wutar lantarki, don kiyaye asalin launi; Wannan ana yawan kiranta azumin azumcin rana. Farashin wannan nau'in kayan abinci na dyestuff gabaɗaya ya fi na talakawa kayan miya.

b. Idan masana'anta sun mutu, amma azumin rana baya biyan buƙatun shari'ar, Hakanan za'a iya inganta ta hanyar ƙari. Yayin aiwatar da fenti ko bayan bushewa, ana ƙara abubuwan da suka dace, domin abin da ya faru da haske yakan faru ne gabanin fenti idan aka fallasa shi, sai hasken wuta ya ƙone, don kare ƙwayoyin fenti. Gabaɗaya - absoran uwan ​​UV da wakili - UV wakili, gaba ɗaya rigakafin tashin rana a jiki yana inganta.


Lokacin aikawa: Jul-24-2020